Samnut 24 is a high yielding variety and it has a good hulm. It stays green up to harvesting, therefore the value that farmers get from the hulm alone is high. Farmers are not cultivating Samnut 24 for the grains alone, Even the grains yield three and a half to four tons per hectare while the other varieties are not up to two and half tons per hectare.
Plant groundnuts in full sun. Groundnuts grow best in loose, well-drained soil rich in organic matter. A sandy-loamy soil is best. Double-dig clay soil and add gypsum and aged compost. The soil must be loose so that the pegs can penetrate and grow. Groundnut prefer a soil pH of 5.8 to 6.2.
Groundnuts require at least 120 frost-free days to reach harvest. Sow groundnuts in the garden 3 to 4 weeks after the average last frost date in spring, when the soil has warmed to at least 65°F (18°C). To get a head start on the season start peanuts indoors 5 to 8 weeks before transplanting seedlings outdoors. Groundnuts require nearly all of the growing days to have an air temperature greater than 85°F (29°C).
Planting and spacing.
Sow groundnuts in the whole shell or in the papery skin surrounding the seed. Sow seed 1½ to 3 inches (4-7cm) deep; set seed 6 to 8 inches (15-20cm) apart; thin successful plants or set transplants 18 inches (45cm) apart. Plant groundnuts in double rows to save space, staggering the seeds 18 inches (45cm) apart. Single rows can be spaced 12 to 24 inches (30-61cm) apart. When the plants are 12 inches (30cm) tall, mound earth up around the base of the plant so that faded flowers can set pegs down into the hill. For a head start on the season, start groundnuts indoors in individual biodegradable peat or paper pots which can be set whole into the garden.
Beets, potatoes. Do not grow groundnuts in the shadow of tall plants such as corn or pole beans.
Groundnuts can be grown in containers but allow enough room for flower stems to dip into the soil to set pegs; choose a container at least 18 inches (45cm) across and at least 12 inches (30cm) deep.