Pigs are farmed principally for food (e.g. pork, bacon, gammon) and skins. When in use as livestock, the domestic pig is mostly farmed for its meat, pork. Other food products made from pigs include pork sausage (which includes casings that are made from the intestines), bacon, gammon, ham, and pork rinds. The head of a pig can be used to make a preserved jelly called head cheese, which is sometimes known as brawn. The use of pig milk for human consumption does take place, but as there are certain difficulties in obtaining it, there is little commercial production.
The Available Pig Breeds and their Features
|Duroc, or Duroc-Jersey||Lard||medium length; light gold-red to dark red||1/2 Jersey Red, 1/2 Duroc|
|Landrance||Meat||medium-sized; white, often with small black spots||several breeds; raised for bacon|
|Large White||Meat||white, sometimes with dark areas||a bacon breed; sows are prolific|